Aoi Dori Street, etc. Shibuya Ward, Tokyo
Shibuya Ward is representative of a bustling shopping and entertainment district in Japan. The streets were crowded with many people at any timeof day or night and the streets overflowed with bicycles and motorcycles. In cooperation with Shibuya Ward, NCD introduced bicycle parking lots in more than twenty locations by making the most of its own comprehensive service for solving the bicycle parking problem in the entire town. When we were considering various measures that included use of a footpath,the Order for Enforcement of the Road Act was partially revised to permit installation of a bicycle parking lot on a footpath with certain conditions. As a result, bicycle parking lots on footpaths were introduce quickly in Shibuya Ward. Since a crackdown on motorcycle parking was intensified by enforcement of revisions of the Road Traffic Act of the previous year, a motorcycle parking lot on a footpath within the jurisdiction of the Tokyo Metropolitan Police was also introduced as a model case and it was well-received by users.
The Order for Enforcement of the Road Act was partially revised in 2005 for the purpose of reducing abandoned bicycles on footpaths. However, only road administrators (for national roads, the Ministry of Land, Instructure, Transport and Tourism; for city roads, city) were permitted to build a bicycle parking lot on a footpath.A wide road or street is required to use a bicycle parking lot on road. Since wide national roads were managed by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, local governments such as city and ward offices could not get involved in national roads. Detailed installation standards were not yet established. Thus, a bicycle parking lot on a national road was not actually introduced.Under these circumstances, bicycle parking equipment was considered a possession on the road the same as a postbox on the road, pursuant to the revised Order for Enforcement of the Road Act in 2007. As a result, the local government and private business were allowed to install and operate bicycle parking equipment on the road as a possession.
Shibuya Ward was proactively addressing the bicycle parking problem and sprang into action to begin working toward introducing a motorcycle parking lot. NCD, which had been working to solve the problem also participated.
Tokyo's first bicycle and motorcycle parking lot on a footpath after revision of the Order for Enforcement of the Road Act was built on Aoi Dori street in Shibuya. Aoi Dori street is filled with office buildings. Unwanted parking of motorcycles of commuters using Koshu Kaido road (Route 20) running in parallel with Aoi Dori was regarded as a serious problem. In addition, bicycle parking of users of Shinjuku Station nearby over an extended time period was noticeable, requiring an urgent solution.Since a crackdown on illegal motorcycle parking was intensified by enforcement of revisions of the Road Traffic Act of the previous year (2006), high user demand was also expected.
To build bicycle parking lots, Shibuya Ward pursued discussions with Harajuku Police Station and Tokyo Metropolitan Police. As it was the first case of building a bicycle and motorcycle parking lot on a footpath for Tokyo Metropolitan Police, the parties discussed long enough to ensure safety in particular. NCD received feedback from Shibuya Ward and worked on the plan for optimal equipment and introduction of the bicycle parking lot.
Utilization of the bicycle and motorcycle parking lot built on Aoi Dori is significantly high and it is full on weekdays. Bicycles left in a random fashion disappeared and now the area is always in order.
Tokyo Metropolitan Police positions the successful parking lot introduced first on Aoi Dori as a model case. This parking lot is frequently visited by people including those coming a long distance.This example opened a possible new approach to a bicycle parking lot on a footpath and the ripple effect.
While Shibuya Ward built bicycle parking lots on footpaths as in the example of Aoi Dori Street ahead of other wards in Tokyo, it also built barrier free bicycle parking space for parking bicycles on the ground for the elderly people and pregnant women who may find it difficult to use bicycle parking racks at each station. NCD is hoping to continue to contribute to the well-being of people in cooperation with Shibuya Ward addressing the bicycle parking problem in a broader perspective..